It is hard to believe that the prostate gland, which is really no bigger than the size of an average walnut, can cause men such problems. But it can once it becomes cancerous.
Where it’s located
The prostate gland is located deep within the pelvis, between the rectum and the bladder.
It surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that allows urine to flow from the bladder and through the penis.
In the middle of everything
It is surrounded by major arteries, veins, and sphincters that facilitate urinary control. It is also surrounded by tiny, delicate nerves called neurovascular or “nerve bundles.”
In a nutshell, this small, usually harmless gland lies right in the middle of all that controls a man’s urinary and reproductive functions.
Here lies the challenge
Removing the gland is relatively easy. Removing it without damaging a man's nerve bundles, however, is considerably more challenging.
Fortunately, it is not a vital organ, and men can live the rest of their lives safely without it. The main job of the prostate gland is simply to create part of the fluid that makes up semen.
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Reference: Walsh PC. Guide to Surviving Prostate Cancer. New York, NY: Time Warner Book Group; 2001.
Always consult a medical professional.